Saving your money is among the most effective ways to increase your wealth, particularly when you do it in a wise manner. Beginners often make costly errors when they’re just beginning their journey. Here are some tips to avoid costly errors in the stock market.

1. Learn the basics of investing.

The stock market is where securities are traded – stocks, government or corporate bonds, and exchange-traded fund. It’s a kind of auction in which a publicly traded company sells its shares to investors as a recompense for capital. Investors buy and sell these shares when they think the company’s value will rise or fall. The price of a share is affected by many factors, including the state of the economy, environmental disasters, and war.

2. Set long-term goals for investment.

Most financial experts recommend investing in the stock markets for a long time – at least five years. This gives you time to build up your investment and to withstand the inevitable losses of volatile markets. However, many new investors are lured by short-term gains or lose their focus when the inevitable falls in the market and sell their stocks too fast.

3. Diversify your portfolio.

The more diversified your portfolio, the less risky it is. Diversifying your portfolio according to industry, asset classes and geographical regions is crucial. Avoid investing too much money in a single company. This is called „concentration risk“ and can be fatal if a company runs into problems, such as regulatory issues or a public relations issue.