Different energy sources refer to the numerous ways we harness and utilize energy. These include renewable and non-renewable energy sources. The kind of energy source we choose is based on a number of factors that include how it impacts the environment and how easily accessible and affordable it is.

In 2018, fossil fuels (oil natural gas, natural gas and coal) made up 81 % of the energy used in the world. These nonrenewable energy sources could be harmful to the environment in a variety of ways. For instance oil drilling could cause a huge impact on wildlife and communities. Fracking is a source of pollution of water. And coal power plants emit CO2.

Renewable energy is also known as green power or clean. It comes from resources that are continuously replenished, such as the sun, wind, and rain. It’s an excellent way to reduce our dependence on dirty sources of energy and help the planet.

But renewable energy isn’t only about protecting the environment, it’s also about being reliable, efficient, and cost-effective. Renewable energy is becoming more well-known as a way to power our homes and businesses.

Solar nuclear, wind, and hydropower are the most common renewable energy sources. Solar energy makes use of technology to convert sunlight into heat and electricity. Wind energy is used to create electricity in many locations across the globe. Hydropower harnesses the force of water to generate electricity. Nuclear energy generates electricity using the process of nuclear fission.